Research on motorcyclists' distraction and inattention is limited, especially when compared to that of automobile drivers. This study, involving researchers from CIMCYC, analyzes motorcyclists' attentional errors and their relationship to participation in distracting activities. In addition, it provides an adaptation of the ARDES-M Scale (Attention-Related Driving Errors Scale), which measures the propensity of motorcyclists to make attentional errors while driving. A sample of 418 motorcyclists responded to a web-based questionnaire composed of the ARDES-M, a self-report measure of involvement in distracting activities: IDA (Involvement in Distraction Activities), a measure of daily inattention: ARCES (Attention Related Cognitive Errors Scale), sociodemographic questions and questions related to driving habits. The ARDES-M showed good psychometric properties for the Spanish sample. Driving errors were associated with a higher level of involvement in distracting activities and a higher propensity for inattention in daily life. ARDES-M scores were associated with several types of traffic accidents and traffic incidents (near-accidents), whereas distractions they claimed to suffer (IDA) were only linked to such traffic incidents. The distracting activities in which motorcyclists were most reported to be involved were the use of GPS, listening to the radio/music and adjusting vehicle devices. Interestingly, they reported using mobile phones the least. As for the age-related results, young motorcyclists reported being involved in a greater number of distracting activities and showed a higher propensity to make attentional driving errors.
Rubén D. Ledesma, José Luis Padilla, Jeremías D. Tosi, Nuria Sánchez y Cándida Castro
IPSIBAT, Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología, CONICET (National Scientific and Technical Research Council) and Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
CIMCYC. Mind, Brain and Behaviour Research Centre, Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada, Spain
Departamento de Psicología Social y Antropología, Universidad de Salamanca, Spain
Ledesma, R.D., Padilla, J.L. Tosi, J.D., Sánchez, N. & Castro, C. (2023). Motorcycle rider error and engagement in distracting activities: A study using the Attention-Related Driving Errors Scale (ARDES-M). Accident, Analysis & Prevention DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2023.107069 ISSN:0001-4575 Q1. IF: 6.276 Open Access
Descarga: Attention-Related Driving Errors-Motorcyclists (ARDES-M): https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oDYpDnTbaS0wexYDuL1boyZc0NVU31dz/view?usp=sharingA